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October 16, 2009

[SSJ: 5925] Book Chapter and Presentation on the Financial Crisisand Japan

From: Tracy Timmons-Gray
Date: 2009/10/9

The recently released NBR publication STRATEGIC ASIA
2009-10: ECONOMIC MELTDOWN AND GEOPOLITICAL STABILITY contains a chapter by William Grimes (Boston University) about the effects of the financial crisis on Japan, and might be of interest to SSJ Forum members. The book was released last month during a series of briefings and events in Washington, D.C. in which Grimes and other authors presented the findings from their chapters. The authors also used the presentations as a chance to present developments that have happened since they authored their chapter.

The audio from Grimes' presentation can be downloaded
here:
http://www.nbr.org/Downloads/audio/PSA/SA_Conf09_grimes.mp3

"Japan, the Global Financial Crisis, and the Stability of East Asia," by William Grimes, STRATEGIC ASIA
2009-10: ECONOMIC MELTDOWN AND GEOPOLITICAL STABILITY (NBR, 2009)

Chapter Summary:

This chapter examines how the global financial crisis is affecting the major economic and strategic challenges facing Japan.

Main Argument:

Even before the crisis, Japan's foreign policy faced a difficult challenge. On the one hand, with an economy increasingly oriented toward East Asia, Japan had been seeking to promote regional initiatives, including ones that exclude the U.S. but include China. On the other hand, a rising China has also become a more formidable competitor, moving Tokyo to strengthen the U.S.-Japan alliance. Meanwhile, North Korea's apparent determination to develop nuclear weapons and longer-range missiles has complicated some of the basic assumptions of the alliance.

The global financial crisis exacerbates these challenges. First, the crisis has reduced foreign demand for Japanese products, wiping out many of the meager gains Japan had made in shaking off its long domestic economic stagnation. Second, China is the sole major economy growing fairly healthily, accelerating the closure of the relative power gap with Japan. The crisis has also demonstrated the limits not only of the global financial architecture but also of the regional architecture Japan had been trying to establish.

Policy Implications:

To minimize frictions resulting from the inevitable rise of China, Japan and the U.S. should seek to engage China in economic cooperation both regionally and globally. With U.S. economic credibility in East Asia severely weakened, Washington should support Japanese efforts to be a leader in creating a regional financial architecture along more or less liberal lines.

The U.S. government must engage with politicians from all parties in Japan to demonstrate the continuing importance of U.S. bases and operational cooperation.

Read more about the article:
http://www.nbr.org/publications/element.aspx?id=398

Read more about the Strategic Asia 2009-10 volume:
http://www.nbr.org/publications/issue.aspx?id=186

Listen to more audio presentations from the Strategic Asia 2009-10 book
launch: http://www.nbr.org/research/activity.aspx?id=59


Tracy Timmons-Gray

Approved by ssjmod at October 16, 2009 05:21 PM